Personal Reflection Sarah Peebles Social justice, justice in terms of the distribution of wealth, opportunities, and privileges within a society, has been the theoretical focus of many great philosophers throughout history, from Plato to Aristotle. Most of the theorists on social justice have quite diverse and even sometimes contradicting principles on the topic. However, despite these differences, they all seem to share one common message: equality for all. Social justice has become such a major concern in society that even the Roman Catholic Church “has made the aim of ‘social justice’ part of its official doctrine”. In the 1800s, social justice was defined as meaning to “convey an appeal to the still ruling classes to concern themselves more with the welfare of the much more numerous poor whose interests had not received adequate consideration”, but is more simply put as attempting to place importance on the interests of all people in society. Conflicts arise when there are “competing interest of groups for social justice” or when people “are not indifferent as to how the greater benefits produced by their collaboration are distributed”. Issues of social justice are universally one of the primary causes of conflict and an issue of morality lies at the heart of these problems. A lack of social justice in society results in a lack of equality and morality in that society, which historically leads to a number of conflicts and issues. Examples of this can be seen predominantly in the health care field. When attempting to answer difficult healthcare questions, such as “what are the limits of duties in workplace culture?”, the conflict must be analyzed from a social justice perspective, meaning in this situation, “what would be fair for everyone?”. Social justice issues also apply to much more widespread conflicts such as racism, sexism, etc. These discriminatory issues against minority groups in society cause major conflicts due to the lack of equality and opportunity for these people. To avoid these conflicts discussed, and to avoid the many others not discussed, we need principles of social justice in society. If legal principles of social justice were implemented into society, it could provide us with a fair way of assigning “rights and duties in basic institutions” and can “define the appropriate distribution of the benefits and burdens of social cooperation’s”. In summary, social justice is necessary for a better understanding of the conflicts in society and to develop better methods of universally resolving these problems in the world.
Social Justice Essay
1862 Words8 Pages
What is social justice and how does it relate to liberation theology? How do sin, love, grace, and human freedom affect social justice? What restricts freedom and social justice? And how does all of this play a role in the Kingdom of God?
Social justice is a concept of a society in which every human being is treated justly, without discrimination based on financial status, race, gender, ethnicity, etc. Grace is a gift from God that we don’t deserve, which helps us choose the good, therefore it promotes social justice. On the other hand, sin, which can be regarded as a lack of love and care for “others,” distances us from social justice. Therefore, love and grace are essential aspects of social justice and without them there could be…show more content…
For example, most laws promote an “eye-for-an-eye” type of legal system. This encourages people to retaliate or “get even” with others, which is seen so often in America’s lawsuit-happy citizens. This is obviously in contradiction to the ends of social justice, which promote love and brotherhood.
Social justice is not an “us versus them” mentality; rather it is a “were in it together” mentality where the powerful and powerless work together. Obviously those who are in need are the poor and oppressed: women, African-Americans, Jews, Latin Americans, etc. However, due to the fact that these people are in these oppressive situations, they gain insight into the injustices that surround them specifically, and society in general. Although they are made poor by those in power and the structures, institutions, and organizations run by those in power, they still possess “strength to resist, capacity to understand their rights, [and the ability] to organize themselves and transform a subhuman situation (Boff, 1)”. The poor and oppressed are held above the rich and powerful, in other words are given preferential treatment. Due to their oppression in life,